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1. During the Carter administration, Zbigniew BrzezinskiA. tried to get Carter to roll back taxes.B. was directly involved in continuing the SALT talks.C. tried to reverse the policy of détente.D. rejected the adoption of the MX missiles to replace the older Minute Man missiles.2. John F. Kennedy replaced Eisenhower's concept of massive retaliation with a _______ responsestrategy.A. flexibleB. focusedC. massiveD. limited3. Which of the following is true of the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education ofTopeka?A. It established that all citizens should have access to public education.B. It ruled that segregation should proceed with "all deliberate speed."C. It declared that segregated schools were inherently separate and unequal.D. It ruled that desegregation was a state issue, but that segregation was a federal issue.4. During the McCarthy era, which of the following was (were) executed for allegedly giving atomic secretsto the Soviet Union?A. Alger HissB. Whittaker ChambersC. Julius and Ethel RosenbergD. Klaus Fuchs5. During the 1950s, the advent of _______ created the largest and fastest-growing impact on Americansociety.A. suburban communitiesB. educational reformC. fundamentalist religion.D. television.6. Which of the following is true of President G. W. Bush?A. He reluctantly endorsed the Kyoto Protocol.B. He rejected unilateralism.C. He vowed to punish all countries sponsoring terrorism.D. He accepted the United States' role in the International Criminal Court.7. Which of the following was the primary cause of the Balkan Wars conducted during the Clintonadministration?A. The UN peacekeepers' inability to stem ethnic cleansingB. The rise to power of Slobodan Milosevic in SerbiaC. The breakup of the former state of YugoslaviaD. Muslim activism in Bosnia8. Which of the following was true of Nixon's presidency?A. It tried to overthrow Johnson's Great Society agenda.B. It resisted affirmative-action legislation.C. It oversaw the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.D. It shifted responsibility for welfare programs from the states to the federal government.9. In a free election in 1989, Lech Walesa came to power inA. Romania.B. Hungary.C. East Germany.D. Poland.10. During the turbulence of the 1960s, black activism focused primarily onA. expanding voting rights.B. supporting the nonviolent strategies of Martin Luther King, Jr.C. expanding economic opportunity.D. stopping the Vietnam War.11. Under Franklin Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy,A. American commerce with Latin America increased, but only slightly.B. the collective security among the nations of the Western Hemisphere declined.C. the Platt Amendment was rescinded.D. Cordell Hull favored continued military interventions in Latin America.12. During World War II, the tide turned in favor of the United States at the Battle ofA. Okinawa.B. Leyte Gulf.C. the Coral Sea.D. Midway.13. What incident abroad marked the election day of the 1956 election, thereby enhancing Eisenhower'sbid for a second term?A. An attack on U.S. Marines in BeirutB. The French defeat in IndochinaC. The crisis in the Formosa StraitsD. The resolution of the Suez crisis14. Which of the following was Eisenhower's most significant legislative achievement?A. Increasing the minimum wageB. The establishment of modern RepublicanismC. The extension of Social Security benefitsD. The Highway Act of 195615. Among instances of corporate malfeasance in the early twenty-first century, the _______ scandal wasthe most shocking and economically damaging for employees and shareholders.A. WorldComB. American TobaccoC. EnronD. Tyco International16. Reagan embraced the idea that through tax incentives the private sector would shift its resources fromtax shelters to productive investment. This theory is referred to asA. supply-side economics.B. supply-and-demand economics.C. deficit economics.D. neofederalism.17. To establish the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, Reagan negotiated withA. Yeltsin.B. Khomeini.C. Gorbachev.D. Brzezinski.18. When postwar expansion slowed in the 1950s, an economic stimulus was provided byA. the construction of Levitt Towns.B. Cold War spending.C. increased consumer goods manufacturing.D. the baby boom.19. At the Yalta Conference of 1945, the military situation favoredA. Stalin.End of examB. Churchill.C. Roosevelt.D. Eisenhower.20. The majority of states that did not ratify the Equal Rights Amendment were located in theA. West.B. Southeast.C. Northeast.D. Midwest.
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